Progress and Controversy
From the start, parapsychology has known both progress and controversy. The early years at the Duke Lab were characterized by new discoveries into the forms and conditions of psi abilities, improvements in methodology, training of new researchers, and considerable efforts to disseminate the findings. But despite the continued accumulation of evidence for the existence of psi, skeptics and conservatives dominated the academic environment around the Duke Lab and as he neared retirement in the 1960’s, Rhine foresaw the need for an independent organization to allow his work to continue.
In 1965, with the help of benefactors such as Chester Carlson, the founder of Xerox, J. B. Rhine started the Foundation for Research on the Nature of Man (FRNM) and moved it off campus where the work continued with broader connections to other workers on both a national and international scale. For the next thirty years FRNM served as a parent organization to the Institute for Parapsychology, its major research and education institute, and the Parapsychology Press, its publishing branch. In 1995, the centenary of J. B. Rhine’s birth and 15 years following his death, the FRNM was renamed the Rhine Research Center to honor the Rhines and their unique contributions to parapsychology.